CSSP-Funded Projects – Targeted Investments

The Canadian Safety and Security Program’s (CSSP) current portfolio includes close to two hundred projects and activities. These projects are led by federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments through innovative federal contracting mechanisms managed by Public Services and Procurement Canada.

The table below provides a brief overview of projects funded through the Targeted Investments funding mechanism since the CSSP was launched in 2012. Note: This is not the complete list of projects; we are continuously updating the page as project descriptions become available.

Border security
Project NumberTitleDescriptionLead OrganizationStatus 
CSSP-2013-TI-1035 Improved Great Lakes Border Surveillance and Historical Maritime Traffic Analysis Radar, automatic identification systems (AIS), and automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) are used to track maritime traffic and maintain border security in the Great Lakes. This project provided integrated access to Radar, AIS, and ADS-B tracks at the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre (GL-MSOC). It also analyzed historical maritime traffic on the Great Lakes and inland waterways to establish trends and demonstrate how evidence of anomalous behaviors (from normal pattern-of-life) can be used to improve surveillance and interdiction. This will support future science and technology investment decisions and evidence-based border security operations. Royal Canadian Mounted Police Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1046 Securing Sensitive Information Sharing at the Canada Border Services Agency The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) routinely deals with sensitive information, which could be beneficial if shared or exchanged with other security departments and agencies. The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of introducing data protection capabilities to secure sensitive information in a multi-agency context. The recommended approach will enhance the protection of important border information and databases from advanced cyber threats as well as insider threats; provide complementary protection for information where CBSA shares responsibility with Shared Services Canada (SSC); and provide improved information sharing capabilities with partners and better information asset protection on servers and networks.  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2036 Demonstrating the Capability to Share Canada-U.S. Sensor Data By sharing sensor information, Canada and the United States (U.S.) can generate a more comprehensive combined operational picture with fewer blind spots. The Canada-U.S. Sensor Sharing Project (CUSSP) enabled sharing of sensor information across the border through a virtual private network. This project, known as CUSSP 2.0, extends CUSSP 1.0 to a wireless cross-border communication link. Studies, as well as research and development efforts that demonstrate the capability and operational utility of providing a joint surveillance picture simultaneously to enhance border security will be shared at joint Canada-U.S. bilateral meetings.  Royal Canadian Mounted Police - Integrated Border Enforcement Teams, Four Country Conference (IBET-FCC) Completed


Critical Infrastructure
Project NumberTitleDescriptionLead OrganizationStatus 
CSSP-2013-TI-1037 Exercise Program for the Defence Research and Development Canada's Centre for Security Science It is important that new technologies and procedures be developed against a user-derived set of requirements, and that these requirements are verified and validated (V&V) by practitioners in realistic operational scenarios. To this end, Defence Research and Development Canada's Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) conducts or participates in exercises with safety and security partners, which includes the oversight and coordination of exercises across Canadian Safety and Security Program (CSSP) areas of focus. The objective of this project is to support these exercise needs. Defence Research and Development Canada's Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Ongoing
CSSP-2013-TI-1039 A Critical Infrastructure Interdependency Model to Analyze and Mitigate Risks in the National Capital Region National Capital Region (NCR) Critical Infrastructure (CI) is essential to support the federal government and uninterrupted governance. To contribute to the resilience of the NCR, the federal government, and other communities, this project aimed to develop an integrated NCR Critical Infrastructure (CI) Interdependency model for CI risk analysis and risk mitigation. This Interdependency Model enables users to identify the key partners and stakeholders, determine the operational needs, and model the requirements of NCR CI. It provides methodologies for assessing risks, identifying developmental gaps in CI, and supporting decision making and investment. Public Safety Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1043 A Mobile Application for Suspicious Incident Reporting  The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Suspicious Incident Reporting System allows critical infrastructure stakeholders, police, and intelligence professionals to input information and receive alerts about threats against critical infrastructure. The system was limited to desktop application, which increases risk due to delays in accessing threat information. This project created a Suspicious Incident Reporting System application for mobile devices, allowing users to submit and receive security information in real-time. This mobile reporting system allows the RCMP to collect suspicious incident information including geo-data, which will lead to improved situational awareness, decision-making capabilities and public safety. Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2039 Scientific and Technical Support to Increase Protective Security at Parliament Hill  This project aimed to enhance the resilience of the Parliament Hill Precinct and strengthen collaborative relationships between science and technology (S&T) and operational communities. Blast effects experts from Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) and the Canadian Explosives Research Laboratory (CERL) provided S&T oversight, advice, and decision-support on the implementation of effective blast mitigation measures during on-going efforts at the Parliamentary Hill Precinct, which include building new public access facilities, retrofitting existing buildings, upgrading the Vehicle Screening Facility, and implementing modern safety and security technologies.  Royal Canadian Mounted Police - National Protective Operations Completed


Cyber security
Project NumberTitleDescriptionLead OrganizationStatus 
Developing Security Technologies for the Energy and Utilities Sector This project addressed the need for security technologies to protect energy and utilities sector infrastructure. By exploring the security vulnerabilities of the sector, this project gained the insight necessary to support the development and testing of cutting-edge security technologies. It also provided evidence-based knowledge to help measure the value of these technologies before they are deployed. This project also developed and delivered hands-on training in the cyber vulnerabilities that affect the energy and utilities sector.  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1045  Building a National Capability in Canada for Cyber Forensics Protecting Canadian interests against cyber threats is critical for all industry sectors and levels of government. This project aimed to develop a self-sustaining cyber forensics capability that can help detect, predict, and respond to cyber-fraud attacks. Joining an established international alliance between over 500 subject-matter experts in the public and private sectors enables the sharing of actionable intelligence between private industry and law enforcement. This will help to identify perpetrators, and to mitigate and neutralize threats.  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Ongoing
CSSP-2014-TI-2034  New Electronic Countermeasures to Enhance Public Security Electronic Countermeasure (ECM) techniques are used to neutralize electronic signals that pose a threat to public security. In order to address identified gaps in current ECM capability, this project is developing up to ten advanced communication ECM techniques that will be integrated into a new hardware platform called ECM Generation II.  Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) Ongoing


Community safety and resilience
Project NumberTitleDescriptionLead OrganizationStatus 
CSSP-2013-TI-1032 Evidence-Based Knowledge to Help Determine Funding Levels for Emergency Services  Strong communities depend on effective emergency services maintained at a level that is economically sustainable. This project developed a method for evaluating cities or provinces to help determine the proportionate funding levels for police, fire, and paramedic services. The outcomes of this project will help cities and provinces determine whether the current emergency services funding model is suitable or if it needs to be adjusted. Province of Prince Edward Island (PEI) – Office of Public Safety Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1033 Developing an Improved Tsunami Warning System to Reduce Risk on Canada's West Coast Providing effective methods for tsunami warnings on Canada’s West Coast is important for building resilient communities in areas that could be affected. This project will bring together subject matter experts and key stakeholders to share knowledge in support of the development of a public tsunami warning and emergency communication system that is sustainable and reliable. The project will conduct a study to inventory and assess existing coastal warning and communication networks. The project will also pilot and evaluate new techniques and technologies that can support region-wide and localized needs. Emergency Management British Columbia (EMBC) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1034 Social Media in Emergency Management  Social media can play an important role in building resilient communities by increasing situational awareness, encouraging preparedness, identifying vulnerable populations, and connecting survivors of emergencies with resources. This project researched and developed case studies for the successful application of social media in emergency management (SMEM). It also developed and implemented an experiment to demonstrate and test the effectiveness of using social media during emergency situations. These activities contributed to the establishment of best practices for the use of social media by the emergency management community. Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1041 Evidence-Based Support to Security Operations on Parliament Hill The aim of the project was to provide science-based advice to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) National Division Protective Operations, which is responsible for Parliament Hill security. Scientific and technical assessments were carried out, and advice was gathered from domestic and allied experts. The project also identified requirements for a future collaborative research program, involving Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom on the behaviour of historic masonry structures subjected to blasts. The knowledge and advice generated through this project can also be considered in relation to security measures and operations at other important Canadian government sites.  Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1048 Surveying Community-based Indicators of Preparedness and Resilience to Inform Emergency Planning and Response This project will address the need for ongoing emergency preparedness activities to build resilient communities. To do so, community-level indicators of resilience will be identified and a survey will be conducted to collect data on all of these indicators. The data sets will be available to inform policy, emergency preparedness planning, and emergency response. Policy-makers, first responders, and community organizations will be able to use the data to identify populations at risk and determine where targeted resources and outreach may be necessary.  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1049 A Scientific Study to Inform the Development of an Evidence-based National Resilience Strategy to Protect Canadian Communities This project carried out research to inform Public Safety Canada’s development of a whole-of-community national resilience strategy. The project created a network map showing the interdependencies between resiliency-related legislation, policies, programs, and key stakeholders. It also developed methodologies for capturing information on key stakeholders and resilience-based activities, and conducted a literature review on resilience to structure existing knowledge. The information acquired through these steps will contribute to an evidence-based national resilience strategy to protect Canadian communities.  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1051  Testing and Evaluating the BioFusion Physiological Status Monitoring System Monitoring the vital signs of first responders can alert them to potentially dangerous health and safety issues during operational and training activities. This project worked with firefighters to test and evaluate the BioFusion Physiological Status Monitor (PSM), a wearable, non-invasive sensor platform that monitors and records physiological data. The evaluation provided information on the potential operational value of the BioFusion system to alert first responders to dangerous work-related stress indicators and situational status.  Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1054 Departmental Security Officer Learning Commons Managing security within the government is a complex and important task involving many departments and stakeholders. Facilitating collaboration and communication among these players is essential. This project aims to improve government security management and readiness to respond, and develop a strong Departmental Security Officer (DSO) community. The project will create a common web-based compendium of recorded experience and knowledge about the domain of departmental security, augmented with best practices and innovative science and technology. It also brings together subject matter experts and communities of interest to leverage talent, transfer knowledge, and enable federal security organizations to provide a coordinated response across jurisdictions.  Privy Council Office (PCO) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1055 Review of U.S. Resiliency Assessment  Tools for Potential use in Support of a Canadian Regional Resiliency Assessment Program In support of strengthening critical infrastructure (CI) resiliency, this project identified and reviewed the United States (U.S.) Regional Resiliency Assessment Program’s modeling and analytical tools and capabilities for potential use in support of a Canadian equivalent. This project led to a better understanding of CI interdependencies and assessment tools needed to mitigate and manage risk, and developed valuable partnerships in CI resiliency. Public Safety Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1179  Assessing the State of Floodplain Mapping in Canada Mitigating flood risks across Canada is important to safeguarding Canadian communities. An key capability to support these efforts is the ability to accurately map floodplains. This project assessed the current state of floodplain mapping within each province and territory, and provided a description of the work required to update existing floodplain mapping in Canada. This assessment helped determine the best course of action to establish a national standard for floodplain mapping and the associated costs. A national standard will inform future policy decisions related to flood hazard mitigation and community resilience, and provide valuable knowledge to the insurance industry. Public Safety Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1180 Creating a Protocol for Purchasing and Replacing Body Armour to Ensure Adequate Protection This project aimed to assess the performance of soft body armour after extended use, consolidate results from previous projects on the ballistic performance of aged body armour, and create a protocol for the purchase and replacement of body armour, including assessment of financial impact. The results of this project provide evidence-based knowledge to law enforcement officers and others to ensure they are adequately protected according to applicable standards during the life cycle of use of body armour. Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC)  Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2024 Testing the Use of Social Media for 9-1-1 Services in Canada Traditionally, 9-1-1 systems only support voice, but new media such as text messages, images captured by cell phones, video clips, and automatic crash notification messages could dramatically enhance 9-1-1 services by expediting emergency responses and reducing crash clearance times. This project provided Canadian responders with access to a next generation (NG) 9-1-1 simulator. This will allow public safety dispatch authorities to better understand the implications of NG 9-1-1, using customized Canadian use-case scenarios, and determine effective implementation strategies within Canada. Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-2031  Studying Body Worn Video Cameras for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Body worn video (BWV) cameras may have the potential to enhance the safety of the public and law enforcement officers. This project provided information to support decision-making by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) on the possible use of BWV. The study gathered information on a number of BWV issues (privacy, legal, tactical, information technology, and others), specified user and technical requirements, and conducted trials to evaluate technical and tactical aspects.  Defence Research and Development Canada's Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2032 Web Portal for Policing Research  This project provides the police community, policy makers, academics, other stakeholders, and the general public with a virtual, online forum to access evidence-based policing research and best practices. This pooling of knowledge connects police practitioners with scholars and enhances community safety by providing police services, and those involved in contributing to community safety, with the knowledge and tools to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations and decision-making. Public Safety Canada Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2042 Effects of Distraction on Driving Performance While Operating Emergency Vehicles As first responders become increasingly dependent on in-car technology, issues can arise when critical driving tasks are interrupted and the first responder’s attention is diverted to other tasks. The goal of this project is to gain an understanding of the effects of perceived stress and distraction on first responders during emergency vehicle operations (EVOs). The work will develop representative scenarios, establish metrics by which to measure performance, conduct experiments, and analyze data. The results of this project will provide insight to support evidence-based policy changes in the area of EVO driving procedures. Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Ongoing
CSSP-2014-TI-2043 Applying the Lessons learned from Royal Canadian Mounted Police Training in Simulated Environments to police, fire and paramedic services Knowledge accumulated by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) in the use of simulated environments for training and re-certification purposes can be shared with other emergency services to improve their programs. This project identified training and re-certification requirements within the Fire and Paramedic communities that may benefit from the use of similar simulations. A workshop brought together RCMP, Fire and Paramedic Educators, and Curriculum Designers from across Canada to identify these requirements. Simulation scenarios that are applicable directly to the Fire and Paramedic communities was developed and tested. A final report will provide the scientific evidence on the benefits of incorporating simulation in training and re-certification programs. Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2044 Determining the Effectiveness of Using Simulations to Re-certify Conducted Energy Weapon Users The goal of this project was to provide the Police and Law Enforcement community with evidence of the effectiveness of using synthetic (simulated) environments for conducted energy weapon (CEW) re-certification as compared to real-world tests. This project developed simulated use-of-force scenarios, conducted simulation experiments, and measured the performance of law enforcement officers in these scenarios. The final report will provide conclusions on the effectiveness of conducting CEW re-certification in a synthetic environment.  Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)  Completed


Threats and hazards
Project NumberTitleDescriptionLead OrganizationStatus 
CSSP-2013-TI-1036 Science-Based Decontamination Guidelines This project used science-based evidence to inform the development of guidelines to support responders in dealing with contamination incidents. The guidelines cover cold weather decontamination of biological events, the management of liquid waste resulting from decontamination, decontamination clearance, and the personal protective equipment (PPE) to be worn during decontamination. These guidelines will enhance resilience, response, and recovery capabilities. Defence Research and Development Canada Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1040 Developing a Major Event Security Framework for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) This project developed a Major Event Security Framework (MESF), a tool to assist Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) members in security planning for major events. The MESF encourages the use of common practices and terminology in major event security. The framework also provides detailed guidance for planning major events security and for translating strategic goals into concrete operational security objectives. In addition to the final product, the process of developing the MESF provided an opportunity to foster collaboration between APEC members in security planning. Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1050 Reducing threats from violent extremist offenders in correctional institutions and communities This project studies the motivations of extremist offenders, individuals who can pose serious threats in correctional institutions and communities. Existing research is used to identify ways to recognize and counter radicalization within the inmate populations of correctional facilities. Evidence-based guidelines for managing radical and extremist offenders and offenders who are susceptible to being radicalized will be developed. This work will not only provide tools for effectively managing violent extremists in correctional institutions but will also help to decrease the risk they pose to society when they are released. Correctional Service Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1053  Studying the Use of HAZUS at Local and Regional Levels to Estimate the Impact of Floods  This project determined the usefulness of HAZUS - a geographic-information-based modeling system developed by the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for estimating losses due to natural hazards -  to assess vulnerability, recovery costs, and potential social impacts of flooding in Canada at the local and regional levels. To study the applicability of HAZUS , two municipalities were selected in Manitoba and New Brunswick as test cases. The project assessed the availability of geospatial flood and building data and developed methods for integrating this data with HAZUS to estimate the impact of flooding. The results will be assessed for their value in flood loss assessment for the purpose of informing decision-makers.  Natural Resources Canada/Geological Survey of Canada (NRCan/GSC) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1144  Quickly Identifying Infectious Agents During an Outbreak This project acquired a Luminex Corporation MAGPIX instrument, which can simultaneously detect multiple target proteins that are used to identify infectious agents and toxins. Using this instrument, protocols were developed to quickly identify infectious agents and toxins using this type of technology.  Public Health Agency of Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1147  Detecting Exposure to Selected Chemical Agents and Contaminants  Chemical agents may pose a threat if used by terrorists as chemical weapons or if released accidentally. Using a sensitive Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry instrument, this project developed methods to detect chemical agents in water, air, food, blood, urine, and tissues. This capability was used to accurately determine the effectiveness of decontamination efforts during a response to a public health emergency and to assess human exposure to chemicals. This project helped to enhance the analytical capability of Health Canada’s Biomonitoring Laboratory and provided resources that will contribute to improved planning and response to public health emergencies.  Heath Canada Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1156 Containing CBRNE Threats Mobile containment vessels can effectively contain and transport chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives (CBRNE) threats, allowing first responders to better protect lives, property, and the environment. The goal of this project was to purchase a mobile CBRNE Containment Vessel that allows responders to safely and effectively remove explosives, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and hazardous CBRN materials from the location where they are found and transport them to a pre-determined location for disposal or destruction. Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Completed
CSSP-2013-TI-1177 Purchase and Testing of Radioisotope Analysis Equipment  This project improved the capability for radioisotope detection in radiological-nuclear emergencies by acquiring a new, state-of-the-art mass spectrometry instrument, known as the ICP-MS-QQQ, which allows fast and effective radioisotope analysis. The instrument was purchased, installed, and validated for operation. The improved radioisotope detection of this instrument provides an easier way to measure plutonium and other radioisotopes that cannot be rapidly assessed by other techniques. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) Completed
CSSP-2014-TI-2041  Developing a Risk and Resilience Assessment Tool to Support Disaster Mitigation This project developed a risk and resilience management process and communication strategy to improve the capability of communities to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disaster events. The results include risk and resilience assessment information, risk assessment methodology models, and a standardized template for information that will allow risk and resilience information to be easily compared through a common evaluation framework. The management process and communication strategy developed through this project will serve provincial, territorial, and municipal governments and the prospective National Disaster Mitigation Program (NDMP).  Defence Research and Development Canada’s Centre for Security Science (DRDC CSS) Completed
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